The 48th Alabama Volunteer Infantry Regiment
|Source: Taylor, John Dykes. History of the 48th Alabama Volunteer Infantry Regiment, C.S.A. (University, AL : Confederate Pub. Co., 1985)
Enlisted for three years at Auburn, Alabama, on 22 May 1862, with 1097 men recruited from Blount, Calhoun, Colbert, Cherokee, DeKalb, Jackson, and Marshall counties. A few weeks later it reached Virginia and was attached to Brig. Gen'l William B. Taliaferro's Brigade, Maj. Gen'l. Thomas J. 'Stonewall' Jackson's Division, with the 47th Alabama, and three Virginia regiments. The 48th Alabama's first combat was at Cedar Run (9 August 1862) where they suffered severe loss (73 casualties); at the 2nd Battle of Manassas, it again suffered severely (50 casualties).
The regiment was part of the investing force at Harper's Ferry, and it was hurt badly at Sharpsburg (42 casualties). During the winter, the 48th was placed in the Alabama Brigade of Brig. Gen'l Evander McIver Law (with the 4th, 15th, 44th, and 47th Alabama Regiments), Hood's Division, Longstreet's Corps. The regiment was under fire at Fredericksburg, and it fought with only slight losses at Suffolk.
The 48th Alabama Regiment moved into Pennsylvania and was "fearfully punished" in the assaults on Gettysburg (they reported more than 25% casulaties of the 374 engaged). Ten weeks later, as a part of Longstreet's Corps, the regiment was engaged at Chicamauga (20 September). It was engaged at Lookout Valley and at Knoxville; and it passed the winter in East Tennessee. Rejoining the main Army of Northern Virginia at The Wilderness (5-6 May 1864), the 48th performed ably but lost heavily (11 killed, 30 wounded, 8 missing). From that time to the end, at Hanover Junction, the 2nd Battle of Cold Harbor,Bermuda Hundred, Petersburg, Fussell's Mill, Fort Harrison, Darbytown Road, Williamsburg Road, and Farmville, the 48th was almost constantly on active duty. During the last half of 1864, they lost 9 killed, and 24 wounded. The48th Alabama surrendered 136 officers and men at Appomattox Court House, having lost over 150 in battle, 165 in service, and 125 who were discharged or transferred.
Field and staff officers: Col. James Lawrence Sheffield (Marshall County; wounded, Cedar Run; resigned); Lt. Cols. Abner A. Hughes (Cherokee County; resigned, 15 Oct 1862); Jesse J. Alldredge (Blount County; resigned); William Mack Hardwick (Cherokee County; captured on furlough); Majors Enoch Aldridge (Blount County; wounded, Cedar Run; resigned); William Mack Hardwick (Cherokee County; promoted); John W. Wiggonton (Calhoun County); and Adjutants Thomas B. Harris (Marshall County; wounded, Cedar Run; resigned, Sept 1862); L. J. Eubanks (Marshall County; transferred to line); H. S. Figuera (Madison County; KIA, The Wilderness); F. N. Kitchell
Captains (and the counties from which the companies came)
Co. "A" (Blount County) -- Enoch Alldredge (promoted); Andrew J. Alldredge (resigned, 15 July 1862); Jesse J. Alldredge (promoted); James W. Jones; Randolph [Randal] Graves
Co. "B" (DeKalb County) -- T. J. Burgess (resigned, 17 July 1862); David R. King (mortally wounded, Cedar Run (died, 26 Nov 1862)); J. N. D'Armand (KIA, Petersburg)
Co. "C" (Marshall County) -- W. S. Walker (resigned, 1 Oct 1862); James M. Bedford (resigned, 1 May 1864); H. C. Kinnelbrew
Co. "D" (Marshall County) -- Samuel A. Cox (died in service, 27 April 1863); T. J. Eubanks (KIA, Lookout Valley); R. T. Ewing (illegally promoted from 1st Lt., Co. "I", and returned there)
Co. "E" (Marshall County, consolidated with Capt. P. B. Gilbert's Co. "G") -- Samuel K. Rayburn (resigned, 13 June 1862); Francis M. Rose (resigned, 1 June 1863); Isham B. Small (KIA, White Plains); P. B. Gilbert (probably dropped at consolidation)
Co. "F" (Blount County) -- Reuben Ellis (wounded, Cedar Run; resigned, 1 Sept 1862); Jeremiah Edwards
Co. "G" (Marshall County), consolidated with Co. "E") -- P. B. Gilbert (probably dropped at consolidation)
Co. "G" (Cherokee County) -- John S. Moragne (resigned, 15 Aug 1862); Augustin L. Woodliff (resigned, 1 Oct 1862); N. H. McDuffie
Co. "H" (Cherokee County, some members with prior service as Co. "C", 7th AL Regt) -- Robert C. Golightly (KIA, Sharpsburg); William Mack Hardwick (promoted, Major); Thomas J. Lumpkin
Co. "I" (Calhoun County) -- J. W. Wigginton (promoted); R. T. Ewing
Co. "K" (Calhoun County, some members with prior service as Co. "B", 7th AL Regt) -- Moses Lee (KIA, 2nd Manassas); H. L. Petit (21 Nov 1862); John B. Hubbard (captured, Fussell's Mill; dropped, 24 Nov 1864)